Math Anxiety is a very real struggle for many learners in school today. It is not simply a ‘dislike’ of the subject, nor is it a question of laziness. Rather, math anxiety can cause a learner a real sense of fear, and this can paralyse them when faced with a trigger. Let’s take a look at how this fear can be overcome.
Math anxiety can also cause learners to avoid the subject of maths altogether, or erupt in emotion because the task of working out the exam’s requirements seems too overwhelming. It can begin from the second a learner begins with maths in their very young schooling years, all the way up to matric. This can cause a lifelong fear of potential problem solving or self-worth issues.
Math Anxiety: The Cause And Condition
There are a variety of triggers for math anxiety which include time pressure and public sense of exposure. According to Math Goodies, another trigger is the presence of an imposed authority. The fear can manifest when a learner, especially in the higher grades, decides or believes that they are ‘not good enough’ or they simply ‘won’t measure up’ to the high standard set to achieve an “A”. The three factors mentioned above can reinforce this belief, and then it can become a cycle of anxious thinking. The concept of university being the only option for someone who finishes matric can add to the pressure to perform.
There are many career and study options for our matriculants when they step out of the shelter of high school life. Many would say that they need encouragement in growth more than they need the pressure to perform.
Part of the vicious cycle that is math anxiety comes from the failure that accompanies an inability to really grasp the concept of maths, whether inside the classroom or in a tutoring session. Once someone freezes inside of the anxiety ‘loop,’ then it is almost an impossible task for them to pass maths papers and tests throughout the term.
Math Anxiety: What Are The Signs?
Math anxiety is characterised by an avoidance of the subject or specific problems that may trigger the affected learner.
- Emotional Signs:
Learners can become overwhelmed with emotion and fall into a depressive way of talking and thinking about themselves and maths. Some other telltale signs of math anxiety can include fatigue, a loss of interest, anxiety, irritability, appetite changes and can even lead to suicidal thoughts. One of the overarching factors to consider with the diagnosis of math anxiety is a pressure to perform, in pressurised, time-limited testing environments.
- Physical Signs:
Psychologists have found that people can respond physically to anxiety about maths whether they are children or adults. Much like other types of anxiety or Obsessive Compulsive related Disorders (OCD), math anxiety can cause stress hormones to be released in people struggling, which signals a perpetual ‘fight or flight’ response in the body. This can put strain and pressure on the endocrine system, which can cause utter exhaustion and fatigue in learners who struggle with this issue.
Overcoming Math Anxiety
It may be helpful to remember that we live in a day and age that glorifies ‘instant gratification’ more than the idea of taking on a big, new challenge with patience, persistence, and endurance.
Maths is not a subject that connects well with this ‘quick fix’, societal mindset. It has been, and always will be, a subject that requires practice, patience and getting that extra support if you find yourself struggling. It really can boil down to forming a ‘growth’ mindset way of thinking and tackling the challenges. This is a new way of thinking about maths where a student is able to accept a challenge and is willing to give it their best shot.
Maths is not a subject that you can ‘cram’ at the last minute either, it takes practice throughout the term and constantly making the choice to think positive thoughts such as, “I can and will do my best.”
How to Take Action
Whether you personally suffer from math anxiety or have a child/learner who struggles with this, it’s important to know how to move towards overcoming it. Here are some practical steps we came up with, based on some helpful input from an incredibly insightful high school teacher:
Teachers: Dealing With Math Anxiety
As a teacher, handling learners with math anxiety is a delicate task.
Research has shown that if teachers can encourage their students to tackle maths problems and equations from a different mindset, the experience of learning maths in any grade can become an empowering one, rather than an impossible feat. Here are some ideas to consider in the classroom:
- Reframing the way we think about maths in the classroom and in extra lessons. This may look like opening a discussion in a classroom context of what some of the negative beliefs about maths are and who should or shouldn’t be good at maths. This can really open up the conversation and alleviate pressure while giving learners an opportunity to seek out the help they might be desperately needing.
- Allow learners the time to process and think through the maths problems for themselves. It may even be helpful to explore some of the worst case scenario situations, in a safe space, giving students an opportunity to recognise how they respond or feel about maths.
- Make maths relevant for learners in the way it is taught. It may be helpful to connect and apply maths to real-life situations.
- Focus on the ‘why’ behind some of the problems. Eddie Woo is a maths teacher and Youtuber who may be an excellent resource.